One of the most important elements militating in opposition to the development of sports in Nigeria nowadays is lack of powerful management. A lot of answers are being proffered by involved and patriotic Nigerians daily to bail us out the quagmire. One of such solutions is this text entitled “Modern Trends in Sports Administration and Management”. It is written by Dr. Joseph Awoyinfa, a lecturer inside the Department of Human Kinetics and Health Education, Faculty of Education, University of Lagos, Nigeria; a researcher and academic representative. I was the individual invited by means of the author and the college to check the e book while it turned into presented to the public on December 4, 2008 in Nigeria.http://www.esportsextras.com/
According to Awoyinfa, it’s far a truism all over the global that sport is now a reference problem that may now not be overlooked at various sectors of the economy and spheres of life. The writer provides that this newsletter as a result takes a essential observe topical problems in sports activities management and management, dwelling on theories and ideas of modern trends in sports management and control inclusive of leadership, enterprise, making plans, motivation, and so forth.
The text consists of 16 chapters. Chapter one is christened “the concept of sports management”. Here, Awoyinfa says management is a idea that means different things to one of a kind humans at distinctive instances, therefore main to its multiplicity of definitions. He explains that control has been variously described as an art, a science, someone or people, a subject and a technique.
This author expatiates that as an art, sports control is all approximately sporting out sports organisational functions and duties through people; whilst as a science, sports activities management is ready organising sports activities philosophy, laws, theories, principles, processes and practices. As an organisation, in keeping with him, sports activities management is described as a way of creating formal systems and an status quo based totally on a undertaking, goals, goals, features and tasks.
Awoyinfa says as someone or institution of humans, sports activities management may also confer with the head alone or to all of the senior team of workers, committee, etc.; at the same time as as a field, control is a discipline of examine with various topics and topics. The author illuminates that sports control as a manner is ready a systematic way of doing matters. Awoyinfa highlights control features in sports management as planning, setting up, staffing, directing/leading, controlling, coordination, budgeting and evaluation. On whom a sports supervisor is, this creator educates that a sports supervisor is every body at any stage of recreation corporation who directs
the efforts of other humans towards the achievement of organisational dreams recreation-wise.
Chapter is based totally at the difficulty count of evolution and developments of sports control concept. Here, Awoyinfa discloses that the improvement of thoughts on sports activities management dates returned to the times while humans first tried to perform goals with the aid of working together in a collection. In his phrases, “There became severe thinking and theorising about managing a few years earlier than the dawn of the 20th (20th) century, which marked the beginning of contemporary sports activities control concept. Major efforts to develop theories and principles of sports activities management started out from the early twentieth (twentieth) century with the paintings of Frederick Taylor and Henri Fayol. The business revolution of the nineteenth (nineteenth) century probable supplied the climate for this very critical theorising.”
Awoyinfa provides that since the flip of the twentieth century, writers on sports activities management and business concept have been propounding one of a kind theories about the way to control work and personnel extra correctly and efficaciously. This writer educates that the 3 primary schools of management thought are: the classical; the human-behavioural; and the integrative. Awoyinfa also highlights early sports management theorists; concepts and characteristics of medical control; appraisal of the clinical management concept, and many others., in this chapter.
Chapter three is thematically labelled “ideas of sports management”. In this chapter, the academic representative explains that sports concepts are the basic legal guidelines on which the exercise of sports activities management is constructed. He provides that control ideas need to consequently be based totally on standard terms for them to be applicable inside game enterprises of varying sizes and man or woman. “Modern sports activities managers and administrators are anticipated with a purpose to discover and use suitable principles which are relevant to specific conditions. This is because no single precept can in shape all administrative situations,” submits Awoyinfa.
He says the essential concepts of sports are those relevant to all sports companies and as a result of their fashionable acceptability, they’re occasionally referred to as “widespread concepts of sports activities control”. This writer expatiates that a number of those principles are: duty; delegation of authority and conversation. As regards humanitarian ideas of sports control, Awoyinfa identifies these as democracy, justice, human family members, sympathy, empathy, consideration and humility.
In bankruptcy 4 based on the concept of behavioural and motivational theories in sports organization, the author says human beings are unique creatures as they behave otherwise underneath extraordinary conditions and are on the whole hard to are expecting. Awoyinfa stresses that in view that humans represent the maximum critical detail in sports activities employer, sports managers need a few know-how of why human beings behave in one manner or the opposite, so they (sports managers) can influence humans to perform exactly the way sports organisations find applicable.
One potent instrument this creator shows that may be used to elicit overall performance in athletes is motivation. In his words, “Motivation is something needed in sports activities corporations to make employees perform.
However, it’s been an critical and a puzzling challenge for sports managers.” Awoyinfa in addition discusses development of motivational standards in sports activities business enterprise; software of motivational theories to sports management; techniques of behaviour modification, and so forth., on this bankruptcy.
In chapters 5 to ten, the writer beams his analytical searchlight on issue topics such as control strategies in sports enterprise; the idea of sports activities enterprise; setting design in sports organisation; the idea of making plans in sports activities administration; making sports activities organisations greater effective in Nigeria and staffing in sports activities establishments.
Chapter 11 is based on communique strategies in sports business enterprise. According to Awoyinfa right here, conversation is a critical component in any organisational effectiveness due to the fact businesses can’t feature correctly when conversation capabilities are missing among participants. “Since communication is the shifting spirit in an enterprise, its absence may also make businesses standstill,” asserts this creator.
In chapters 12 to sixteen, Awoyinfa X-rays concepts including organisational changes and improvement in sports management; leadership in sports activities administration and management; administration and control of soccer as a teach; teaching human kinetics and fitness schooling in colleges and faculties; and agency and administration of faculties at diverse ranges of education.
As regards mode of presentation, this newsletter ratings a skip mark. For instance, the language is comprehensible and the ideas are brilliantly articulated. The simplicity of the language is predicted, given the writer’s twin expert heritage as a lecturer and pastor. To ensure smooth observe of the textual content on readers’ element, Awoyinfa highlights the objectives of each chapter at the beginning and ends with evaluate/revision questions.
What’s extra, he creatively embroiders the textual content with photos (pages 50, ninety seven, 317, 330, 338, 395, and so on.) to enhance readers’ expertise thru visible communique. Awoyinfa consists of references on the stop of every chapter to fulfil educational obligation of source disclosure and provide readers opportunities to examine greater. Inclusion of many references also confirms the intensity of his studies. His use of visual distinction for the phrase “Modern Trends” within the title is emphatically innovative.
If there are chapters that surely make this newsletter certified as a compendium of present day solutions to the administrative and management troubles plaguing our sports improvement in Nigeria, they may be chapters four, eight, 11 and thirteen. This is because they speak motivation, making plans, communique and leadership respectively.
Meanwhile, the thematically greatest chapter of all is bankruptcy four. The fact that it is consciously or unconsciously taken to be the finest chapter unearths practical expression in the deeper verbal exchange and cohesion among its problem count number on the one hand and the outer the front cowl’s allegorical visuals or metaphorical images along with goal publish, cyclists racing, a garden tennis player poised for movement with her bat, sprinters competing and footballers suffering for ball ownership, however. These are photographs used for illustration in motivational discourse.
However, some errors are noticed in this newsletter. The mistakes are “Acknowledgement” (page iii), in place of “Acknowledgements”; non-paragraphing of the natural first few paragraphs of “Preface”; “Loosing” (pages 396 and 404), in place of “Losing”, and so on. These mistakes need to be corrected inside the next edition.
On a note of analytical finality, this newsletter is a compendium of impossible to resist sports control recommendations. It is a should-study for all stakeholders within the sports activities quarter, specially managers and administrators. It is truly charming.